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This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. However, Rome did not wish to invade Egypt to restore the king, since the Sibylline books stated that if an Egyptian king asked for help and Rome proceeded with military intervention, great dangers and difficulties would occur. Among people born in 117 BC, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks 1. In that year, Ptolemy XII served as the Priest of Alexander and Ptolemaic kings (an office which Ptolemy IX otherwise held himself throughout his reign) and had a festival established in his honour in Cyrene. He was commonly known as Auletes (Αὐλητής, "the Flautist"), referring to the king's love of playing the flute in Dionysian festivals. His uncle, Ptolemy X, had left Egypt to Rome in the event there were no surviving heirs, making Roman annexation of Egypt a possibility. She died August 12, 30 B.C. 84: Ptolemy XII Auletes is engaged to a daughter of Mithridates. Upon regaining power, Ptolemy acted against Berenice, and along with her supporters, she was executed. He named his daughter Cleopatra VII as his co-regent in 52 BC. Cleopatra had … At the same time, Ptolemy IX Soter replaces Ptolemy X Alexander, who is killed soon after. [9] This theory is endorsed by the historian Adrian Goldsworthy. [44] On 31 May 52 BC his daughter Cleopatra VII was named as his coregent. Later during her reign she also ruled with her brothers, and through tradition she had to marry her brother Ptolemy XIV. However, he was forced into a civil war against his mother and brother, Ptolemy X, leading to his exile in 107 BC. Ptolemaic Kingdom - Wikipedia Pharaoh Ptolemy XII Auletes had been deposed in a rebellion led by his daughter Berenice IV in 58 BC, forcing him to seek asylum in Rome. At first, Ptolemy XII was coregent with his sister Cleopatra VI Tryphaina and his wife Cleopatra V Tryphaena, but the former mysteriously disappears from the records in 69 BC. Generally, descriptions of Ptolemy XII portray him as weak and self-indulgent, drunk, or a lover of music. [34], The bribery policy had been unpopular in Egypt for a long time, both because of its obsequiousness and because of the heavy tax burden that it entailed, but the annexation of Cyprus demonstrated its failure and enraged the people of Alexandria. Ptolemaios XII Auletes (117–51 TCN, tiếng Hy Lạp: Αὐλητής, Πτολεμαῖος) là một pharaon Ai Cập. [37] On the way, he stopped in Rhodes where the exiled Cato the Younger offered him advice on how to approach the Roman aristocracy, but no tangible support. Near the end of Ptolemy's reign, the value of Egyptian coinage dropped to about fifty per cent of its value at the beginning of his first reign.[48]. Cleopatra originally ruled Egypt with her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes. This arrangement enabled Rome to exert power over Ptolemy, who ruled until he fell ill in 51 BC. This title was probably meant to reinforce Ptolemy XII's claim to the throne in the face of claims that his parentage meant that he was an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX and therefore not entitled to rule. There he was accused de repetundis, but defended by Cicero and probably acquitted. Early life. Since the Senate was busy with its own affairs, his ally Pompey approved the will. [12] Justin mentions that Ptolemy IX left two sons behind when he fled Alexandria. Cleopatra III sent her grandsons to Kos in 103 BC. Ptolemy XII Auletes. After their father died in 81 BC, Ptolemy XII's half-sister Berenice III took the throne. In 116 BC Ptolemy IX's father, Ptolemy VIII, died and he became co-regent with his mother, Cleopatra III. A strike by farmers of royal land in Herakleopolis which is attested in a papyrus document from 61/60 BC has been interpreted as a sign of widespread discontent with this taxation. [56][57][58][59][60][61][62] The identity of the mother of the last three of Ptolemy's children, in birth order Arsinoe IV, Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, and Ptolemy XIV, is also uncertain. She was the daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes. A son of Ptolemy XII Auletes, Ptolemy XIII became joint ruler of Egypt with his sister following his father’s death.In 49 Ptolemy, seeking to retain his father’s allies, supplied the Roman general and former triumvir Pompey the Great with ships and troops. 88: Ptolemy XII Auletes and the other princes are handed over to Mithridates. [27][24][28], The money required for these bribes was enormous. [63], The philosopher Porphyry (c. 234 – c. 305 AD) wrote of Ptolemy XII's daughter Cleopatra VI Tryphaena, who reigned alongside her sister Berenice. To safeguard his interests, he made the people of Rome executors of his will. Auletes means pipes-player, referring to the king’s love of playing the pipes. [40], Egyptians heard rumours of Rome's possible intervention and disliked the idea of their exiled king's return. Ptolemy also provided pay and maintenance for 8,000 cavalry to Pompey for his war with Judaea. [65] This suggests that the Cleopatra Tryphaena mentioned by Porphyry may not have been Ptolemy's daughter, but his wife. 2004. sfnp error: no target: CITEREFSchiff2011 (, harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFLefkowtiz1997 (, "Pharaonic temples in Upper Egypt from the Ptolemaic and Roman periods - UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Eusebius: Chronicle p. 167, accessed online", Strabo, Geography, Book XVII, pp. Later she married the Roman Mark Antony. 2nd/1st Century Bc King Of Ptolemaic Egypt, Page views of Ptolemy XII Auletes by language, Among people deceased in 51 BC, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. Many experts now identify Cleopatra VI with Cleopatra V.[55], Bust of Ptolemy XII housed at the Department of Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities at the, Πτολεμαῖος Νέος Διόνυσος Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλάδελφος, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSullivan1990 (. Although the Romans had not acted on this, the possibility that they might forced the following Ptolemies to adopt a careful and respectful policy towards Rome. Perhaps Gabinius had also put pressure on Ptolemy XII to appoint Rabirius, who now had direct access to the financial resources of Egypt but exploited the land too much. Initially, Ptolemy XII funded them by raising taxes. The Ptolemy Dynasty was founded in Egypt by one of Alexander the Greats generals over three centuries earlier. She was born in 70 or 69 BCE in the house of Ptolemy XII (Auletes), a descendant of Ptolemy I Soter, who was one of Alexander The Great’s generals and the founder of the Ptolemaic line in Egypt. To achieve this goal he was prepared to sacrifice much: the loss of rich Ptolemaic lands, most of his wealth and even, according to Cicero, the very dignity on which the mystique of kingship rested when he appeared before the Roman people as a mere supplicant. They were captured by Mithridates VI of Pontus probably in 88 BC, around the time Ptolemy IX returned to the Egyptian throne. Ptolemy reigned during the Hellenistic period. (1999). Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. – 51 B.C. [54] [36][34], Taking his daughter Cleopatra with him, Ptolemy fled for the safety of Rome. [1][2] Some scholars have therefore proposed that his mother was a concubine – probably an Alexandrian Greek,[3][4][5][6] but possibly a member of the Egyptian elite. Gabinius defeated the Egyptian frontier forces, marched to Alexandria, and attacked the palace, where the palace guards surrendered without fighting. Ptolemy XII Auletes of Egypt (Egypt) Birthdate: estimated between 67 BCE and 105 : Birthplace: Isle Cos,,,Egypt: Death: January 29, 246 Alexandria,,,Egypt Immediate Family: Son of Ptolemaios Soter Egypten and Berenice I Egypt Husband of 1st w. of Ptolemy XIV of Egypt Father of Arsione IV of Egypt and Ptolemy XIV of Egypt. Ptolemy XII Auletes — see Cleopatra VII. She was murdered by his rival in 114 BC. Ptolemy XII Auletes (117 BC-51 BC) was the Ptolemaic King of Egypt from 80 to 58 BC (succeeding Ptolemy XI and preceding Cleopatra VI and Berenice IV) and from 55 to 51 BC (succeeding Cleopatra VI and Berenice and preceding Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra).. Ptolemy IX was married twice, to his sister Cleopatra IV from around 119 BC until he was forced to divorce her in 115 BC, and secondly to another sister Cleopatra Selene from 115 BC, until he abandoned her during his flight from Alexandria in 107 BC. She was soon murdered by her cousin and co-regent, Ptolemy XI, who was then killed. Finally, she became the sole ruler and Pharaoh of Egypt. Encyclopedia of … His old ally Pompey housed the exiled king and his daughter and argued on behalf of Ptolemy's restoration in the Senate. Ptolemy IX meanwhile had been remarried to Cleopatra Selene, with whom he had a daughter, Berenice III. [22] Her parentage is uncertain – modern scholarship often interprets her as a sister,[22] but Christopher Bennett argues that she was a daughter of Ptolemy X. The Alexandrians then summoned Ptolemy XII to return to Egypt and assume the kingship; his brother became king of Cyprus, where he would reign until 58 BC. Ptolemeusz XII Auletes - popiersie. [13][14] Relations between Ptolemy IX and his mother deteriorated. [38][34] During this time, Roman creditors realized that they would not get the return on their loans to the king without his restoration. Cleopatra II died in 115 BC and shortly afterwards Cleopatra III forced Ptolemy IX to divorce his sister-wife Cleopatra IV, who was sent off to marry the Seleucid king Antiochus IX Cyzicenus. Children:-Alexander Helios, Caesarion, Cleopatra Selene, Ptolemy Philadelphus. [26] This proposal failed in the face of opposition from Quintus Lutatius Catulus and Cicero. Cleopatra’s father was known as Ptolemy XII. [53] According to Strabo, his practice of playing the flute earned him the ridiculing sobriquet Auletes ('flute player'): Now all of the kings after the third Ptolemy, being corrupted by luxurious living, administered the affairs of government badly, but worst of all were the fourth, seventh, and the last, Auletes, who, apart from his general licentiousness, practised the accompaniment of choruses with the flute, and upon this he prided himself so much that he would not hesitate to celebrate contests in the royal palace, and at these contests would come forward to vie with the opposing contestants. [24], Finally, in 60 BC, Ptolemy XII travelled to Rome, where the First Triumvirate, composed of Pompey, Crassus, and Julius Caesar, had just taken power, in order to negotiate official recognition of his kingship. In turn, Pasherienptah III crowned Ptolemy as Pharaoh and then went to Alexandria, where he was appointed as Ptolemy XII's 'prophet'. In 63 BC, when Pompey was reorganising Syria and Anatolia following his victory in the Third Mithridatic War, Ptolemy sought to form a relationship with Pompey by sending him a golden crown. [29] In return, a formal alliance or foedus was formed. [33] Ptolemy XII took no action in response to his brother's death and Cyprus remained a Roman province until returned to Ptolemaic control by Julius Caesar in 48 BC. Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (c. 100? He ruled Egypt from 80 B.C. to 51 B.C. In April 80 BC, Ptolemy XI Alexander II, the son of Ptolemy X, was installed as her co-regent, promptly murdered her, and was himself killed by an angry Alexandrian mob. [22], In August 69 BC, Cleopatra V ceases to be mentioned as co-regent. Her father was also known as Auletes or the Piper because he played the flute. [49] His will stipulated that Cleopatra VII and her brother Ptolemy XIII should rule Egypt together. He was commonly known as Auletes (Αὐλητής, "the Flautist"), referring to the king's love of playing the flute in Dionysian festivals. Increasingly, Ptolemy XII also had recourse to loans from Roman bankers, such as Gaius Rabirius Postumus. The reason for this sudden shift is unknown, but presumably she was divorced at this time. [22] Ptolemy adopted a new royal epithet Neos Dionysos (New Dionysus) at some time after this; Chris Bennett proposes that the epithet was linked to the break with Cleopatra. In light of this crisis, however, Ptolemy XII began to expend significant resources on bribing Roman politicians to support his interests. Cleopatra III sent her grandsons to Kos in 103 BC. His reign was officially dated as having begun on the death of his father in 81 BC, thereby eliding the reigns of Berenice III and Ptolemy X. Ptolemy XII Auletes received a peer review by Wikipedia editors, which is now archived. B.C. Shortly after his accession, Ptolemy married Cleopatra Tryphaena. Cleopatra was born in 69 B.C. Thank you for subscribing! Her father was Ptolemy XII and her mother was Cleopatra V of Egypt. As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, he was a descendant of its founder, Ptolemy I. Ptolemy XII was an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX by an uncertain mother. [19] Meanwhile, Ptolemy IX died in December 81 BC and was succeeded by Berenice III. Ptolemy reigned during the Hellenistic period. Look at other dictionaries: Ptolemy XII Auletes — Macedonian king of Egypt Greek“Flute Player”in full Ptolemy XII Theos Philopater Philadelphus Neos Dionysos Auletes born c. 112 BC died 51 BC Macedonian king of Egypt, whose quasi legitimate royal status compelled him to depend heavily … Universalium. Before him are Benjamin Disraeli, Mindaugas, Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, Rehoboam, Lysimachus, and Galla Placidia. Sign up for our Britannica for Parents newsletter for expert advice on parenting in the 21st century! Cleopatra was brought into this world in 69 BC. In 117 BC, Ptolemy IX was governor of Cyprus, but in 116 BC his father Ptolemy VIII died and he returned to Alexandria, becoming the junior co-regent of his grandmother Cleopatra II and his mother Cleopatra III. However, he was forced into a civil war against his mother and brother, Ptolemy X, leading to his exile in 107 BC. These encounters are described in detail on Pasherienptah's funerary stela, Stele BM 866, and they demonstrate the extremely close and mutually reinforcing relationship that had developed between the Ptolemaic kings and the Memphite priesthood by this date. He died about -51 in 51 BCE, Egypt. In Rome, Ptolemy XII prosecuted his restitution but met opposition from certain members of the Senate. Cleopatra was born in 70 or 69 BC and was the oldest daughter of Pharaoh Ptolemy XII (Auletes) of Egypt. [14], When Ptolemy X had died in 88 BC, his will had left Egypt to Rome in the event that he had no surviving heirs. Auletes có nghĩa là người thổi sáo, vốn dĩ ông có biệt hiệu này vì sở thích của ông là thổi sáo. [41], In 55 BC, Ptolemy paid Aulus Gabinius 10,000 talents to invade Egypt and so recovered his throne. He is assumed to have been an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX Soter, perhaps by an Alexandrian woman. Egypt came under increasing Roman pressure nevertheless. Ptolemy paid Pompey and Caesar six thousand talents – an enormous sum, equivalent to the total annual revenue of Egypt. He is assumed to have been an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX Soter, perhaps by an Egyptian woman. Managed by: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Biography. [46][47] Ptolemy also permitted a debasing of the coinage as an attempt to repay the loans. Cleopatra was not only charming but a force to be reckoned with during her time as queen. Auletes means pipes-player, referring to the king's love of playing the pipes. At the start of this war, Cleopatra III sent her grandsons to the island of Kos along with her treasure in order to protect them. in Alexandria, Egypt. With Roman backing, Auletes was able to regain the throne and have his daughter Berenice executed. Ptolemy XII was the oldest son of Ptolemy IX Soter. 4. As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, he was a descendant of its founder, Ptolemy I. Ptolemy XII was an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX by an uncertain mother. This gave the Romans even more leverage over his regime and meant that the fate of Egypt became an increasingly immediate issue in Roman politics. After him are Makarios III (1913), Nicos Anastasiades (1946), Rauf Denktaş (1924), Demetris Christofias (1946), Tassos Papadopoulos (1934), Mustafa Akıncı (1947), Alparslan Türkeş (1917), Leo V, King of Armenia (1342), Glafcos Clerides (1919), Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus (1155), and Evagoras I (-435). The identity of his mother is uncertain. Ptolemy married his sister Cleopatra V Tryphaena who was with certainty the mother of his eldest known child, Berenice IV. Father:-Ptolemy XII Auletes. Cleopatra married her younger brother Ptolemy XIII and after his death, she married her younger brother Ptolemy XIV. [45], At the moment of Ptolemy XII's restoration, Roman creditors demanded the repayment of their loans, but the Alexandrian treasury could not repay the king's debt. Cleopatra was one of several children of a descendant of this first Ptolemy, Ptolemy XII Auletes. As a matter of fact Cleopatra had to marry her brothers in order to maintain her status as queen. ), also known as King Ptolemy Auletes, was an Egyptian pharaoh during the Ptolemaic dynasty. Ptolemy XI was succeeded by a son of Ptolemy IX, Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, nicknamed Auletes, the flute-player. [10], The date of Ptolemy XII's birth is thus uncertain. [55] Cleopatra V disappears from court records a few months after the birth of Ptolemy's second known child,[56] and probably hers, Cleopatra VII in 69 BC. With Roman funding and military assistance, Ptolemy XII was able to recapture Egypt and have Berenice IV killed in 55 BC. Among people born in Cyprus, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks 4 out of 57. The king had to imprison Rabirius to protect his life from the angry people, then allowed him to escape. She was the daughter of Ptolemy XII (Auletes), a descendant of Ptolemy I Soter, one of Alexander the Great’s generals. Ptolemy XII Auletes. Ptolemy XII Auletes is the 916th most popular politician (up from 1,061st in 2019), the 4th most popular biography from Cyprus and the most popular Cypriot Politician. The courtiers in Alexandria forced Ptolemy to step down from the thone and leave Egypt. Her reign would last for 21 years , from 51 BC to 30 BC. 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