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Sex trafficking in China is human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation and slavery that occurs in the People's Republic of China.China, the world's most populous country, has one of the highest rates of human trafficking, including sex trafficking, in the world. Undocumented migrants who are trafficked into China mainly come from Vietnam, Russia, North Korea and Myanmar. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. [5], China remains a significant source of girls and women subjected to forced prostitution throughout the world. A domestic market for wives and illegal adoptions was once the reason for most human trafficking in China, but now traffickers abduct women and children for use as forced laborers, street performers, prostitutes, beggars, thieves, etc. According to an organ trafficking paper written by Budiani-Saberi and Delmonico, 11,000 transplants were performed in china using the organs of executed prisoners in 2006. [12], In particular, couples look for surrogate mothers the year before the dragon so that their children can be born on an auspicious year. The Chinese government ratified the UN Trafficking in Persons Protocol in December 2009, which obligates China to prohibit all forms of trafficking and bring its domestic laws into conformity with international standards within 24 months. In fact, the laws against trafficking in women in China are as severe as the law prohibiting rape according to the U.S. Department of State in 2001. A person is considered a "trafficked victim if he or she is involved in the above-mentioned situations, regardless of whether the person consents to it or not. In total, from the 1353 cases, 2161 offenders were sentenced, representing an 11.05% increase from 2007. Senator Chuck Hagel, Chairman of the Congressional-Executive Commission on China, presided. [14], According to a pamphlet created by Save the Children debriefing the current situation in China, the organisation is "helping to build networks that migrants can turn to when they arrive in their destinations." Identified as a source, transit, and destination country for human trafficking, issues of human trafficking in China range from forced marriage to forced labor, forced sex work, sale and profitable adoption of babies, and human smuggling (Hendrix 2010; Emerton et al. [18], This includes commitments to work together to prevent trafficking, to identify and protect the victims, and to ensure that offenders are punished. China and Vietnam will expand intelligence sharing and case investigations in the fight against rampant cross-border trafficking of women, a senior Ministry of Public Security official said. “But the conflict is triggering a higher volume of women being trafficked across the border.” While highlighting this work, the Xinhua piece and a related article published in the Procuratorial Daily also paint a disturbing picture of trends in human trafficking in China. Many wealthy couples often hire more than one surrogate mother to ensure that eight babies are born because eight is a lucky number in Chinese culture. Many women are deceived because of their poor education and they are often also marginalized minority groups who believe the false promises of traffickers who offer the hope of living an urban life. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers subject domestic and foreign individuals to trafficking in China, and they subject Chinese individuals to trafficking abroad. [2] Chinese laws only recognise forms of coercion other than abduction, such as threats of physical harm or non-physical harm, as constituting a means of trafficking. [5], According to a UNIAP study on the reports of human trafficking in China, there were 800 reported human trafficking cases reported in the print media between 2006 and 2007. In addition, the definition of trafficking does not pertain to male victims of trafficking or adult victims of labour trafficking. Traffickers generally sell these women in distant areas, such as Shaanxi, Ningxia, Guangxi, Hainan, and Guangdong provinces with large gender imbalances. [11], Of the transplants performed, 8,000 were kidney transplants, 3,000 were liver transplants, and 200 were heart transplants. As a recent New York Times article suggests, many poor Chinese families also send their daughters to work in the sex trade. Traffickers also use China as a transit point to subject foreign individuals to trafficking in other countries throughout Asia and in international maritime industries. "[13], Several organisations within China have dedicated efforts into ameliorating the human trafficking situation. There is a shortage of organs available for transplantation which fuels a thriving black market for organs. Therefore, China has resorted to harvesting organs from the bodies of prisoners for the use of organ transplants. China is a party to critical international agreements concerning human trafficking. [1][2], U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed the country in "Tier 3" in 2017. The US recently blacklisted China alongside North Korea, Zimbabwe, and Syria as global epicenters for human-trafficking, accusing Beijing of making little attempt to control the problem beyond obfuscating its data.. 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